Sir Thomas Tilson (c.1804 - 9 April 1877) was a magistrate in the Surrey suburbs of London.
He was the chairman of the board of the British Orphan Asylum and a trustee of the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy. A long time justice of the peace for Surrey, from 1867-1870 he was chairman of the county's quarter sessions. In 1868 he was knighted. He was active in the Conservative Party, and was the chairman of the committee organised to support the party's candidates in the East Surrey constituency at the 1868 general election.
He died at him home in Clapham Park in 1877, aged 73.