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Robert Arthur Germaine

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Robert Arthur Germaine (1854 - 4 June 1905) was a barrister and politician.[1][2]

The son of Charles Germaine, he was born in London, and was educated at University College, London, receiving the Andrews Entrance Prize for Science in 1872.[3] Having graduated from London, he went to be a mathematical scholar at Brasenose College, Oxford in 1874.[4] At Oxford Germaine was president of the University Chess Club.[1][5] He graduated from Oxford with a master's degree in 1882.[6] In the same year he was called to the bar at the Inner Temple, and practised law on the Oxford Circuit.[2]

At the the general election of 1885 Germaine was selected by the Conservative Party to contest the new constituency of Shoreditch, Hoxton, but lost to Professor James Stuart of the Liberal Party.[1][2] When another general election was held in the following year, Germaine again contested Hoxton but failed to unseat Stuart.[1][7]

In 1888 Germaine unsuccessfully stood for election to the London School Board for the Hackney Division.[8] In December of that year he was nominated by the Fulham Conservative and Unionist Association to be a candidate for the first elections to the London County Council.[9]

He was elected, representing the two-member Fulham Division as a Moderate Party councillor alongside James Beal of the Liberal-backed Progressive Party.[10] He served a single three-year term, being defeated at the 1892 county council election.[11] At the 1895 council election he attempted to return as a councillor for St Pancras South, but came last of four candidates.[12]

In October 1890 Germaine was selected by the Northampton Conservative Association as prospective parliamentary candidate. He was described as a "Progressive Conservative" and it was hoped that he might win one of the two parliamentary seats at Northampton, both of which were held by the Liberals.[13] In January 1891 one of the sitting members of parliament, Charles Bradlaugh, died. In the resulting by-election Germaine was heavily defeated by the Liberal candidate, Moses Manfield.[14]

Subsequently selected as Conservative candidate for St Pancras South, Germaine stood aside to allow Herbert Jessel of the Liberal Unionist Party to contest and win a by-election there in 1896.[15]

Germaine returned to his legal career, and was appointed Recorder of Lichfield in December 1901 and a King's Counsel in April 1902.[1][16][17]

By 1904 Germaine's politics had changed, and he was adopted by the Liberal Party as their candidate to contest Paddington North.[18]

He did not contest another election however, dying suddenly at his home in South Kensington in 1905. He was survived by his widow, Beatrice née Lawrence, and was buried in the Kensington Cemetery, Hanwell.[1][19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 GERMAINE, Robert Arthur, Who Was Who
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Biographies of Candidates". The Times: p. 3. 25 November 1883. 
  3. "University College, London". The Times: p. 10. 26 June 1872. 
  4. "University Intelligence". The Times: p. 12. 28 April 1874. 
  5. "Inter-University Chess Match". The Times: p. 5. 12 April 1878. 
  6. "University Intelligence". The Times: p. 10. 10 June 1882. 
  7. "The General Election. The Polls". The Times: p. 6. 6 July 1886. 
  8. "The London School Board Election". The Times: p. 10. 25 October 1888. 
  9. "The Candidates For The London County Council". The Times: p. 12. 20 December 1888. 
  10. "The County Councils. The London Council". The Times: p. 12. 19 January 1889. 
  11. "The London County Council Election". The Times: p. 11. 8 March 1892. 
  12. "The London County Council Election". The Times: p. 7. 4 March 1895. 
  13. "Election Intelligence". The Times: p. 3. 14 August 1890. 
  14. "Election Intelligence. Northampton". The Times: p. 10. 13 February 1891. 
  15. "Election Intelligence". The Times: p. 6. 14 January 1896. 
  16. London Gazette, issue 28389, 20 December 1901, p.8979
  17. London Gazette, issue 27424, 11 April 1902, p.2416
  18. "Election Intelligence". The Times: p. 13. 6 February 1904. 
  19. "Obituary". The Times: p. 6. 5 June 1906. 

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