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DISTRICT
Mayfair
Population
PostCode District W1
Borough City of Westminster
OS Grid Reference TQ285805
Latitude 51.508755
Longditude -0.14743

Mayfair is an area of central London, within the City of Westminster.

HistoryEdit

Mayfair is named after the annual fortnight-long May Fair that took place on the site that is Shepherd Market] today (from 1686 until it was banned in that location in 1764. Until 1686, the May Fair was held in Haymarket, and after 1764, it moved to Fair Field in Bow.

Mayfair is roughly bordered by Hyde Park to the west, Oxford Street to the north, Piccadilly and Green Park to the south and Regent Street to the east. Most of the area was first developed between the mid 17th century and the mid 18th century as a fashionable residential district, by a number of landlords, the most important of them the Grosvenor family. The freehold of a large section of Mayfair also belongs to the Crown Estate.

The district is now mainly commercial, with many offices in converted houses and new buildings, including major corporate headquarters, a concentration of hedge funds, and real estate businesses. Rents are among the highest in London and the world. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London's largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Buildings in Mayfair include the United States Embassy in Grosvenor Square, the Royal Academy of Arts, The Handel House Museum, the Grosvenor House Hote] and Claridge's.

The renown and prestige of Mayfair has grown in the popular mind due to its designation as the most expensive property on the British Monopoly set.

Streets and squares Edit

Savile Row 1

Savile Row

Old Bond Street 1 db

The Royal Arcade in Old Bond Street

Transport and localeEdit

Location in ContextEdit

Grosvenor Square

The north side of Grosvenor Square in the 18th or early 19th century. The three houses at the far left form a unified group, but the others on this side are individually designed. Most later London squares would be more uniform.

Nearest tube stationsEdit

Nearest railway stationEdit

MuseumsEdit

Notable residentsEdit

Famous past residents have included:

  • Queen Elizabeth II, who was born in Bruton Street and lived in Mayfair during her infant years.
  • John Adams, 2nd American president (1735–1826)
  • Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, surgeon and mayor (1836–1917)
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning, poet (1806–1861)
  • Robert Clive, soldier & administrator (1725–1774)
  • A.J. Cronin, novelist (1896-1981)
  • Benjamin Disraeli, prime minister (1804–1881)
  • Dwight David Eisenhower, 34th American president (1890–1969)
  • Charles James Fox, British statesman (1749–1806)
  • George Frideric Handel, composer (1695–1759)
  • Jimi Hendrix, guitarist & songwriter (1942–1970)
  • William Somerset Maugham, novelist (1874–1965)
  • Sir Robert Peel, prime minister (1788–1850)
  • Sir Henry Pelham, prime minister (1695–1754)
  • Richard Brinsley Sheridan, dramatist (1751–1816)
  • Da! collective, a squatter art collective (2008–)
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). That Wikipedia page probably contains more information.

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