Fandom

London Wiki

List of parliamentary constituencies in London 1885-1918

9,833pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share
Parliamentary Constituencies in London
 1832-1868  1868-1885  1885-1918  1918-1950  1950-1974  1974-1983  1983-1997  1997-2010  Since 2010 

This is a list of constituencies returning members of parliament (MPs) to the parliament of the United Kingdom from the coming into effect of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 until the Representation of the People Act 1918.[1]

The 1885 act attempted, wherever possible, to create single-member constituencies with roughly equal population.[2] [3] Previously parliamentary boroughs had generally been represented by two MPs, with a few having more than that number. The legislation allowed parliamentary boroughs to have multiple members, but divided the boroughs into single-member "divisions". The divisions were distinct constituencies although the name off the parent borough formed a part of their formal title. Thus the constituency generally known as Dulwich was offficially "The Dulwich Division of the Borough of Camberwell" or "Camberwell, Dulwich Division".[4]

The "Metropolis" or area administered by the Metropolitan Board of Works, became the County of London in 1889, and the parliamentary constituencies were used as electoral divisions for elections to the London County Council, with two councillors elected for each constituency. Details of these can be found in the article List of members of the London County Council 1889–1919.

Metropolitan constituenciesEdit

Parliamentary Borough Number of MPs Divisions Notes
City of London 2 None Representation reduced from 4 MPs.
Battersea and Clapham 2 Battersea
Clapham
New borough formed from two Surrey parishes of
Battersea and Clapham.
The parishes previously formed part of the Mid and Eastern Divisions of the Parliamentary County of Surrey respectively.
Bethnal Green 2 North East
South West
New borough formed from part of existing Hackney constituency
Camberwell 3 Dulwich
North
Peckham
New borough formed part of existing Lambeth Borough and part of Eastern Division of the Parliamentary County of Surrey.
Chelsea 1 None Reduced in size to single parish of Chelsea. Remainder became new boroughs of Fulham, Hammersmith and Kensington.
Deptford 1 None Formed from part of the existing Borough of Greenwich.
Finsbury 3 Central
East
Holborn
Formed from part of existing Finsbury Borough (remainder formed Islington).
Fulham 1 None Formed from part of existing Chelsea Borough.
Greenwich 1 None Representation reduced to 1 MP.
Extensive boundary changes with areas passing to new Deptford and Woolwich constituencies.
Hackney 3 Central
North
South
Borough reduced to single parish of Hackney. Remainder became new boroughs of Bethnal Green and Shoreditch.
Hammersmith 1 None Formed from part of existing Chelsea Borough.
Hampstead 1 None Formed from part of Parliamentary County of Middlesex.
Islington 4 East
North
South
West
Formed from part of existing Finsbury Borough.
Kensington 2 North
South
Formed from part of existing Chelsea Borough.
Lambeth 4 Brixton
Kennington
North
Norwood
Formed from part of existing Lambeth Borough and part of Eastern Division of the Parliamentary County of Surrey. Remainder of former Lambeth constituency formed new Camberwell and Newington Boroughs.
Lewisham 1 None Formed from the parishes of Lee and Lewisham, formerly part of the Western Division of the Parliamentary County of Kent.
Marylebone 2 East
West
Formed from part of the existing Marylebone Borough. Remainder became Paddington and St Pancras Boroughs.
Newington 2 Walworth
West
Formed from part of existing Lambeth Borough.
Paddington 2 North
South
Formed from part of the existing Marylebone Borough.
St George Hanover Square 1 None Formed part of existing Westminster Borough.
St Pancras 4 North
East
South
West
Formed from part of the existing Marylebone Borough.
Shoreditch 2 Haggerston
Hoxton
Formed from part of existing Hackney Borough.
Southwark 3 Bermondsey
Rotherhithe
West
Representation increased from 2 MPs.
Strand 1 None New borough formed mostly from part of existing Westminster Borough plus Liberty of the Rolls from Finsbury.
Tower Hamlets 7 Bow and Bromley
Limehouse
Mile End
Poplar
St George in the East
Stepney
Whitechapel
Representation increased from 2 to 7 MPs.
Wandsworth 1 None New borough formed from parishes in the Parliamentary County of Surrey: Putney and Wandsworth from the Mid Division and Streatham and Tooting Graveney from the Eastern Division.
Westminster 1 None Reduced in area with parts forming new St George Hanover Square and Strand constituencies. Representation decreased from 2 to 1 MPs.
Woolwich 1 None New borough formed partly from part of existing Greenwich Borough and partly from areas in Western Division of the Parliamentary County of Kent.

Suburban constituenciesEdit

The boundaries of the Metropolis had been based on the Registrar General's definition of London as it existed in 1851. However, within a few years the built up area of London had extended beyond this into the counties of Essex, Kent, Middlesex and Surrey. The boundary commissioners charged with forming new constituencies were given the power to reflect such population change either by creating new parliamentary boroughs where a large urban area had formed, or where suburban areas had a sufficiently large population and distinct identity they might form a division of the parliamentary county in which they lay.[5] [3]

Parliamentary Borough Number of MPs Divisions Notes
Croydon 1 None Formed from part of the East Division of the Parliamentary County of Surrey
West Ham 2 North
South
Formed from part of South Division of Parliamentary County of Essex.
County Division Notes
Essex, Southern or Romford Division Included Barking, Dagenham, East Ham, Havering-atte-Bower, Hornchurch, Ilford, Little Ilford, Romford and Wanstead.
Essex, South-Western or Walthamstow Division Comprised Leyton, Walthamstow and Woodford.
Kent, North-Western or Dartford Division Included Beckenham, Crayford, East Wickham, Erith, Foots Cray, North Cray, Orpington, St Mary Cray and St Paul's Cray
Kent, Western or Sevenoaks Division Included Bexley, Bromley, Chelsfield, Chislehurst, Cudham, Downe, Farnborough, Hayes, Keston, Knockholt, Mottingham and West Wickham.
Middlesex, Brentford Division Comprised Heston, Isleworth, New Brentford, Norwood, Old Brentford and Twickenham.
Middlesex, Ealing Division Comprised Acton, Chiswick, Ealing, Greenford, Hanwell and Perivale.
Middlesex, Enfield Division Comprised Friern Barnet, Edmonton, Enfield, Monken Hadley and South Mimms.
Middlesex, Harrow Division Comprised Edgware, Great Stanmore, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Hendon, Kingsbury, Little Stanmore, Pinner, West Twyford and Willesden.
Middlesex, Hornsey Division Comprised Finchley and Hornsey.
Middlesex, Tottenham Division Comprised the parish of Tottenham.
Middlesex, Uxbridge Division Comprised Ashford, Cowley, Cranford, East Bedfont, Feltham, Hampton, Hampton Wick, Hanworth, Harefield, Harlington, Harmondsworth, Hayes, Hillingdon, Ickenham, Laleham, Littleton, Northolt, Ruislip, Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury-on-Thames, Teddington, Uxbridge and West Drayton.
Surrey, Kingston Division Included Cobham, East Molesey, Esher, Ham, Hook, Kew, Kingston upon Thames, Malden, Petersham, Richmond and West Molesey.
Surrey, Mid or Epsom Division Included Cheam, Chessington, Epsom, Ewell, Mortlake and Sutton.
Surrey, North-Eastern or Wimbledon Division Comprised Addington, Beddington, Carshalton, Caterham, Chelsham, Coulsdon, Farleigh, Merton, Mitcham, Morden, Sanderstead, Warlingham, Wimbledon and Woodmansterne.

References and SourcesEdit

  1. Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0901050679. 
  2. Little, Tony. Gladstone's second government. Liberal Democrat History Group. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 McLean, Iain (2001). Rational choice and British politics: an analysis of rhetoric and manipulation from Peel to Blair. Oxford University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-19-829529-7. 
  4. Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885. Fourth Schedule. New Boroughs.
  5. Adelman, Paul. "House of Lords: The Peers Versus the People". History Today. 35. 

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.