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List of chairmen of the London County Council

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London County Council

Members 1889-1919
Members 1919-1937

Members 1937-1949
Members 1949-1965

List of Chairmen (Alphabetical)
LCC Coat of Arms

Tramways
County Hall

Elections
1889 - 1892 - 1895 - 1898 - 1901 - 1904 - 1907 - 1910 - 1913 - 1919 - 1922 - 1925 - 1928 - 1931 - 1934 - 1937 - 1946 - 1949 - 1952 - 1955 - 1958 - 1961
Preceded by:
Metropolitan Board of Works
London School Board
Succeeded by:
Greater London Council
Inner London Education Authority

This is a list of persons who held the offices of chairman, vice chairman and deputy chairman of the London County Council. All three offices existed from 1889 to 1965.

BackgroundEdit

The chairmanship and vice chairmanship were statutory offices created by the Local Government Act 1888. Both of these positions were generally filled by members of the majority party. The chairman chaired meetings of the council, and was the county's civic leader, filling a similar role to the mayor of a borough or city. The vice chairman performed these functions in his or her absence.

As part of the celebrations of the silver jubilee of George V in 1935 it was announced that the chairman would in future be entitled to use the style "right honourable", an honour already enjoyed by the Lord Mayor of London.[1]

The council's standing orders also provided for the post of deputy chairman. This was initially a salaried position created to supervise the administration of the local authority. In 1894 the Royal Commission on the Amalgamation of the City and County of London strongly recommended that a clerk be appointed, independent of the parties on the council, as was the practice in municipal boroughs.London Amalgamation - The Commissioners' Report, The Times, 1 October 1894, pp.13-14</ref> A county clerk was duly appointed in 1895, and the deputy chairmanship became ceremonial. The office was filled by nominees of the opposition party on the council.[2]

On 1 April 1965 the London County Council was abolished, with its successor authority being the Greater London Council.

RegaliaEdit

The chairman had no badge of office until 1927. In 1909 the council had decided that no badge or device should be worn by the chairman. By 1926 the number of formal occasions attended by the chairman had increased, and it was felt that he was at a distinct disadvantage due to not having a distinguishing mark to indicate his office. In 1927 Major Lewis-Barned, councillor for South Paddington, agreed to cover the cost of a badge. The badge was made by an instructor at the Central School of Arts and Crafts and featured the council's coat of arms within an oval of London Pride. The badge was worn on a ribbon in a distinctive barry wavy argent and azure pattern derived from the arms. In 1950 similar, but smaller, badges were acquired for the use of the vice and deputy chairmen.[3]

1889 – 1899Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1889[4] Earl of Rosebery Sir John Lubbock Joseph Firth Bottomley Firth
(Died September 1889)
Office vacant September – November 1889
1889 – 1890[5] Earl of Rosebery (a)
Sir John Lubbock (July 1890)[6]
Sir John Lubbock(a)
Sir Thomas Farrer
Alfred H Haggis
1890 – 1891[7] Sir John Lubbock Sir Thomas Farrer Alfred H Haggis
(Died November 1891)
Office vacant November 1891 – March 1892
1891 – 1892 (b)
1892 – 1893[8] Earl of Rosebery (c)
John Hutton (July 1892)[9]
John Hutton (c)
Charles Harrison (July 1892)[10]
Willoughby Hyatt Dickinson
1893 – 1894 John Hutton Charles Harrison Willoughby Hyatt Dickinson
1894 – 1895 (Sir) John Hutton (d) Charles Harrison Willoughby Hyatt Dickinson
1895 – 1896[11] Sir Arthur Arnold John Williams Benn Willoughby Hyatt Dickinson
1896 – 1897[12] Sir Arthur Arnold Dr William Job Collins Richard Melvill Beachcroft
1897 – 1898[13] Dr William Job Collins Richard Melvill Beachcroft Andrew Mitchell Torrance
1898 – 1899[14] Thomas McKinnon Wood Lord Welby Henry Percy Harris


  • Note (a): The Earl of Rosebery resigned, and the vice chairman, Sir John Lubbock was elected in his place in July 1890. The vice chairmanship then became vacant, being eventually filled by Sir Thomas Farrer.
  • Note (b): The three office holders all made clear their intention to resign at the end of October 1891. However, following unanimous representations from the members of the council, all agreed to continue until the next elections in March 1892. Therefore no elections to the offices were made in 1891.[15]
  • Note (c): Rosebery resigned as chairman in the Summer of 1892, becoming Foreign Secretary in the Fourth Gladstone Ministry. Hutton was elected chairman and Harrison replaced him as Vice Chairman.
  • Note (d): Knighted in 1894.[16]


1899 – 1909Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1899 – 1900[17] Lord Welby Richard Strong Thomas Lorimer Corbett
1900 – 1901[18] Willoughby Hyatt Dickinson Andrew Mitchell Torrance John Samuel Fletcher
1901 – 1902[19] Andrew Mitchell Torrance John McDougall Lt. Col. Arthur Rotton
1902 – 1903[20] (Sir) John McDougall (e) Lord Monkswell Henry Clarke
1903 – 1904[21] Lord Monkswell E A Cornwall Richard Atkinson Robinson
1904 – 1905[22] John Williams Benn E A Cornwall Frederick Prat Alliston
1905 – 1906 E A Cornwall, later Sir Edwin Cornwall Evan Spicer Col. Clifford Probyn
1906 – 1907[23] Evan Spicer Henry Ward Dr Elijah Baxter Forman
1907 – 1908[24] Henry Percy Harris Herbert Stuart Sankey Capt. Hon Fitzroy Hemphill
1908 – 1909[25] Richard Atkinson Robinson William Whitaker Thompson Arthur Acland Allen


  • Note (e): Knighted on 24 October 1902.[26] The award was part of the coronation honours of Edward VII, and was announced on 26 June 1902.[27]


1909 – 1919Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1909 – 1910[28] Sir Melvill Beachcroft Edward White Edward Smith
1910 – 1911[29] William Whitaker Thompson Cyril Cobb Alfred James Shepheard
1911 – 1912[30] (Sir) Edward White (f) Cyril Jackson
Captain G S C Swinton (1912)
Arthur B Russell
1912 – 1913[31] Captain G S C Swinton{
Lord Cheylesmore (April 1912)[32]
John Herbert Hunter Harry Gosling
1913 – 1914[33] Cyril Cobb Philip E Pilditch William C Johnson
1914 – 1915[34] Viscount Peel Alfred Ordway Goodrich Henry Evan Auguste Cotton (H. E. A. Cotton)
1915 – 1916[35] Cyril Jackson Maj. Ernest Gray Percy Alfred Harris
1916 – 1917[36] Alfred Fowell Buxton William James Squires Henry Herman Gordon
1917 – 1918[37][38] Marquess of Crewe John W Gilbert Thomas Frederick Hobson
1918 – 1919[39] Ronald Collet Norman Cecil Urquhart Fisher Katherine Talbot Wallas


  • Note (f): Knighted on 9 March 1912 "on the occasion of the laying of the foundation stone of the new London County Hall" [40]
  • Note (g): Jackson resigned from the post of vice chairman in January 1912 on becoming leader of the Municipal Reform Party, and Swinton was elected in his place.[41]
  • Note (h): Swinton was elected at the statutory meeting of the council on 12 March, and accepted office, but informed the council that he would only be holding the office for a few weeks, as he was leaving for India.[31] Lord Cheylesmore was elected to the chair in his place on 2 April 1912.[32]
  • Note (i): In 1917 the two parties on the council agreed a power-sharing deal for the duration of the First World War, and jointly nominated the Marquess of Crewe, who was Lord Lieutenant of the County of London to be non-partisan chairman.[37]


1919 – 1929Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1919 – 1920[42] Lord Downham Andrew Thomas Taylor Thomas Gautrey
1920 – 1921[43] John William Gilbert Jessie Wilton Phipps George Masterman Gillett
1921 – 1922[44] Major (Sir) Percy Coleman Simmons (j) Francis Robert Ince Anderton Sir Howell J Williams
1922 – 1923[45] Francis Robert Ince Anderton Henry Cubitt Gooch Henrietta Adler
1923 – 1924[46] Henry Cubitt Gooch Henry Vincent Rowe Earl of Haddo
1924 – 1925[47] John Herbert Hunter Major Isidore Salmon Henry Mills
1925 – 1926[48] Captain (Sir) Oscar Emanuel Warburg (k) Lt. Col. John Burgess Preston Karslake Susan A Lawrence
1926 – 1927[49] Sir George Hume William Hunt A Emil Davies
1927 – 1928[50] John Maria Gatti Geoffrey Head Edward Cruse
1928 – 1929[51] Lt. Col. (Sir) Cecil Bingham Levita (l) Frederick L Dove John Speakman


  • Note (j): Simmons was knighted at the end of his term of office in 1922.[52]
  • Note (k): Warburg was knighted on 5 February 1926[53]
  • Note (l): Levita was knighted in 1929[54]


1929 – 1939Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1929 – 1930[55] Lord Monk Bretton Ernest Sanger Eveline Mary Lowe
1930 – 1931[56] (Sir) Robert Inigo Tasker (m) Thomas Clarence Edward Goff Alfred Baker
1931 – 1932[57] Ernest Sanger Ernest M Dence Cecil A G Manning
1932 – 1933[58] Angus Newton Scott Dame Beatrix Lyall Agnes Dawson
1933 – 1934[59] Ernest M Dence Cyril H M Jacobs Anna M Mathew (Mrs Charles James Mathew)
1934 – 1935[60] Lord Snell (n) Ewart Gladstone Culpin Charles J Allpass
1935 – 1936[61] Lord Snell Ewart Gladstone Culpin Major William Wilson Grantham
1936 – 1937[62] Lord Snell Ewart Gladstone Culpin Robert G Taylor
1937 – 1938[63] Lord Snell Albert Emil Davies Frederic Bertram Galer
1938 – 1939[64] Ewart Gladstone Culpin John Speakman Capt. Gervas Evelyn Pierrepont


  • Note (m): Knighted on 24 February 1931 [65]
  • Note (n): Lord Snell was brought in from outside the council on the Labour Party taking power for the first time in 1934.[60]


1939 – 1949Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1939 – 1940[66] Eveline Mary Lowe Richard Coppock Sir Samuel Gluckstein
1940 – 1941[67] Albert Emil Davies Henry Berry Frank Stanley Henwood
1941 – 1942[68] Charles George Ammon Charles William Gibson Edgar John Sainsbury OBE
1942 – 1943[69] Jack Percy Blake Ada E Gray Cmdr Walter Clifford Northcott
1943 – 1944[70] Sir Alfred Baker (p)
Richard Coppock (May 1943)
Reginald Henry Pott Eric Hall
1944 – 1945[71] Dr Somerville Hastings Thomas H Jones Edward P Martin
1945 – 1946[72] Charles Robertson Ethel Maud Newman Maj. Frederick William Dean
1946 – 1947[73] John Cliff Harry Smith Frank Gibbs Rye CBE
1947 – 1948[74] Lady Eleanor Nathan Ernest C Sherwood John Martin Oakey MC
1948 – 1949[75] Walter R Owen Frank L Combes (q)
Frederick William Powe (October 1948)
William Reed Hornby Steer


  • Note (p): Baker died 2 April 1943.[76] Coppock was elected chairman on 18 May 1943.[77]
  • Note (q): Combes died 26 September 1948. Powe was elected in his place on 5 October 1948.[78]


1949 – 1959Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1949 – 1950[79] John William Bowen Bernard Sullivan Charles Pearce
1950 – 1951[80] John William Bowen Helen C Bentwich A W Scott
1951 – 1952[81] John William Bowen Richard Sargood Norah Runge
1952 – 1953[82] Edwin Bayliss Douglas A G Prichard Maj. Francis William Beech CBE
1953 – 1954[83] (Sir) Arthur E Middleton (r)
Mrs Ivy Molly Bolton (November 1953) (r)
Mrs Ivy Molly Bolton (r)
Frank Walter Banfield (November 1953) (r)
Frederick Lawrence
1954 – 1955[84] Victor Mishcon John Richard Anthony Oldfield Alfred Edward Reneson Coucher OBE
1955 – 1956 Norman George Mollett Prichard Ethel Mary Rankin G R D Bradfield
1956 – 1957[85] Helen C Bentwich J O'Neill Ryan Lady Elizabeth Evelyn Pepler
1957 – 1958[86] Ronald McKinnon Wood Dr Leonard F Browne Margery Thornton
1958 – 1959[87] Albert Edward Samuels Eleanor Kathleen Goodrich Lady Cecilia Petrie


  • Note r: Middleton was knighted on 6 July 1953 when Queen Elizabeth II visited County Hall as part of the coronation celebrations.[88] He died on 19 October 1953.[89] On 2 November 1953 Bolton was elected chairman in his place, and her place as vice chairman was filled by Banfield.[90]


1959 – 1965Edit

Civic year Chairman Vice chairman Deputy chairman
1959 – 1960[91] Sidney James Barton Edward E Woods Samuel Isidore Salmon
1960 – 1961[92] Florence E Cayford John J Keen Norman Farmer CBE
1961 – 1962[93] Harold C Shearman Edward Avery Randolph Joseph Cleaver
1962 – 1963[94] Olive E G Deer Herbert James Lowton Lygoe MBE Eileen Hoare OBE
1963 – 1964[95] A Reginald Stamp (s)
Arthur E Wicks (October 1963)
Arthur E Wicks
Henry Stillman (October 1963) (s)
Unity Lister MBE
1964 – 1965[96] Arthur E Wicks Henry Stillman Frank L Abbott

Note (s): Stamp resigned unexpectedly on 5 October 1963 when he came under investigation by the Director of Public Prosecutions.[97] On 11 October 1963 Wicks was elected chairman in his place, and his place as vice chairman was filled by Stillman.[98] Stamp was eventually cleared of any wrongdoing in December 1963.[99]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Royal Guests of L.C.C. The Queen At The County Hall, Honour For Chairman, The Times, 1 June 1935, p.16
  2. The London County Council Clerkship, The Times, 14 December 1895, p.5
  3. T J Beningfield, London 1900-1964. Armorial bearings and regalia of the London County Council, The Corporation of London and The Metropolitan Boroughs, Ed J Burrow & Co. Ltd, 1964, p.33
  4. London County Council, The Times, 13 February 1889, p.10
  5. The London County Council, The Times, 8 November 1889, p.10
  6. The London County Council, The Times, 23 July 1890, p.10
  7. The London County Council, The Times, 8 November 1890, p.14
  8. The London County Council, The Times, 16 March 1892, p.13
  9. The London County Council , The Times, 13 July 1892, p.10
  10. The London County Council, The Times, 20 July 1892, p.6
  11. London County Council , The Times, 13 March 1895, p.10
  12. London County Council , The Times, 2 March 1896, p.6
  13. London County Council , The Times, 10 March 1897, p.14
  14. The London County Council, The Times, 11 March 1898, p.11
  15. The London County Council, The Times, 21 October 1891, p.12
  16. London Gazette, issue 26536, 27 July 1894, p.4299
  17. "London County Council". The Times: p. 5. 15 March 1899. 
  18. "London County Council". The Times: p. 3. 14 March 1900. 
  19. "London County Council". The Times: p. 3. 13 March 1901. 
  20. "London County Council". The Times: p. 13. 12 March 1902. 
  21. "London County Council". The Times: p. 12. 11 March 1903. 
  22. "London County Council". The Times: p. 4. 16 March 1904. 
  23. "London County Council". The Times: p. 4. 14 March 1906. 
  24. "The London County Council". The Times: p. 13. 9 March 1907. 
  25. "London County Council". The Times: p. 17. 11 March 1908. 
  26. London Gazette, issue 27494, 11 November 1902 , p.7165
  27. "The Coronation Honours". The Times: p. 5. 26 June 1902. 
  28. "London County Council. The New Officers". The Times: p. 4. 10 March 1909. 
  29. "London County Council. First Meeting". The Times: p. 10. 16 March 1910. 
  30. "London County Council. New Chairman". The Times: p. 7. 15 March 1911. 
  31. 31.0 31.1 "London County Council's New Chairman". The Times: p. 5. 13 March 1912. 
  32. 32.0 32.1 "The County Council And Motor-Omnibuses. Lord Cheylesmore As Chairman.". The Times: p. 7. 3 April 1912. 
  33. "London County Council. First Meeting of the New Body". The Times: p. 5. 14 March 1913. 
  34. "Nurses and the London County Council. New Proposals Opposed". The Times: p. 10. 18 March 1914. 
  35. "News in Brief: London County Council Chairmen". The Times: p. 5. 15 March 1915. 
  36. "Savings on Rates". The Times: p. 5. 9 March 1916. 
  37. 37.0 37.1 "Fusion Of L.C.C. Parties. Lord Crewe As Chairman Of The Council". The Times: p. 3. 8 March 1917. 
  38. "New L.C.C. Chairman. Lord Crewe Elected.". The Times: p. 5. 21 March 1917. 
  39. "L.C.C. Municipal Reform Party". The Times: p. 3. 2 March 1918. 
  40. London Gazette, issue 28589, 12 March 1912, p.1827
  41. "London County Council. New Vice Chairman". The Times: p. 6. 24 January 1912. 
  42. The Times: p. 10. 19 March 1919. 
  43. "Cinema Building In London. Woman Vice-Chairman Of L.C.C.". The Times: p. 14. 17 March 1920. 
  44. "New L.C.C. Chairman". The Times: p. 9. 8 March 1921. 
  45. "New L.C.C. Chairman. Mr. F. R. Anderton Nominated". The Times: p. 9. 8 March 1922. 
  46. "London Teachers' Salaries. Whitechapel Art Gallery". The Times: p. 9. 14 March 1923. 
  47. "Care Of Mental Patients. Action By The L.C.C.". The Times: p. 9. 12 March 1924. 
  48. "L.C.C.'S First Meeting. Capt. Warburg The New Chairman. Probable Rate Needs.". The Times: p. 11. 18 March 1925. 
  49. "London County Council. The Restriction Of Omnibuses. New Chairman Elected.". The Times: p. 16. 10 March 1926. 
  50. "London County Council. Sale Of Surplus Lands.". The Times: p. 16. 9 March 1927. 
  51. "New L.C.C.'s First Meeting. Col. Levita Elected Chairman.". The Times: p. 11. 16 March 1928. 
  52. "Obituary: Sir Percy Simmons". The Times: p. 10. 20 September 1939. 
  53. London Gazette, issue=33131, 9 February 1926 , p.982
  54. London Gazette, issue 33472, 26 February 1929, p.1436
  55. "Theatre Licences. No Change In L.C.C. Procedure. The Right Of Appeal.". The Times: p. 9. 6 March 1929. 
  56. "Censored Films Plea For Sunday Exhibitions, I.L.P.'s Plan Rejected By L.C.C.". The Times: p. 16. 12 March 1930. 
  57. "The New L.C.C. Mr. E. Sanger Elected Chairman". The Times: p. 4. 13 March 1931. 
  58. "L.C.C. Reductions In Salary. Alleged Pressure On Staff. Mr. Herbert Morrison's Charge". The Times: p. 14. 9 March 1932. 
  59. "London County Council Mr. Dence Elected Chairman". The Times: p. 16. 8 March 1933. 
  60. 60.0 60.1 "Chairman Of The L.C.C. Lord Snell Chosen By Labour Party". The Times: p. 14. 13 March 1934. 
  61. "Rating Of Empty Property L.C.C. Proposal, Employees And Trade Unions". The Times: p. 11. 13 March 1935. 
  62. "London Building Zones Maximum Heights, Proposals Adopted By County Council". The Times: p. 11. 18 March 1936. 
  63. "Chairman Of The L.C.C. Lord Snell's Fourth Year, The New Aldermen". The Times: p. 13. 11 March 1937. 
  64. "New Chairman Of L.C.C. Mr. Culpin Installed". The Times: p. 11. 16 March 1938. 
  65. London Gazette, issue 33693, 27 February 1931, p.1353
  66. "New Chairman Of L.C.C. First Woman To Hold Office.". The Times: p. 11. 15 March 1939. 
  67. "Uncertainties In Local Finance. L.C.C. Saving On Capital Expenditure". The Times: p. 4. 6 March 1940. 
  68. "New Chairman Of The L.C.C.". The Times: p. 2. 5 March 1941. 
  69. "L.C.C. Budget Day". The Times: p. 8. 11 March 1942. 
  70. "London's Budget. Increase In Education Estimates". The Times: p. 2. 10 March 1943. 
  71. "L.C.C.'s Budget For 1944. Finance For House Building, New Chairman Elected". The Times: p. 2. 8 March 1944. 
  72. "L.C.C. Finance Combined Rate 6s. 9½D". The Times: p. 2. 7 March 1945. 
  73. "New L.C.C. Meeting. Election of Chairman.". The Times: p. 2. 20 March 1946. 
  74. "L.C.C. Budget Of £47,255,165 Rate Increased to 8s.6d.". The Times: p. 2. 12 March 1947. 
  75. "L.C.C. Rate Up 9D. Early Stages Of "Vast Programmes"". The Times: p. 2. 10 March 1948. 
  76. "Obituary: Sir Alfred Baker". The Times: p. 7. 3 April 1943. 
  77. "L.C.C. Chairmanship". The Times: p. 2. 15 April 1943. 
  78. "Vice-Chairman of L.C.C.". The Times: p. 2. 6 October 1948. 
  79. "Labour Control Of L.C.C. Mr. Bowen Elected Chairman, Five Conservative Aldermen". The Times: p. 4. 14 April 1949. 
  80. "News in Brief". The Times: p. 3. 5 April 1950. 
  81. "News in Brief". The Times: p. 3. 24 January 1951. 
  82. "Allocation of L.C.C. Houses". The Times: p. 3. 10 April 1952. 
  83. "L.C.C.'s Chairman". The Times: p. 2. 22 April 1953. 
  84. "Youth Gangs In South London. Report For L.C.C.". The Times: p. 4. 14 April 1954. 
  85. "Chairmanship Nomination". The Times: p. 4. 8 February 1956. 
  86. "Elected To Office Held By Father. Mr. McKinnon Wood New L.C.C. Chairman". The Times: p. 7. 17 April 1957. 
  87. "New L.C.C. Begins Work. Aldermanic Vacancies Filled By Labour". The Times: p. 6. 23 April 1958. 
  88. "L.C.C. Chairman Knighted". The Times: p. 6. 7 July 1953. 
  89. "Obituary: Sir A. Middleton Chairman Of The L.C.C.". The Times: p. 10. 20 October 1953. 
  90. "Nomination for L.C.C. Chairman". The Times: p. 5. 28 October 1953. 
  91. "L.C.C. Chairmanship". The Times: p. 10. 21 January 1959. 
  92. "Fifth Woman L.C.C. Chairman". The Times: p. 9. 11 May 1960. 
  93. "New L.C.C. Chairman". The Times: p. 6. 19 April 1961. 
  94. "Piccadilly Circus Plan Backed". The Times: p. 5. 18 April 1962. 
  95. "L.C.C.'s New Chairman". The Times: p. 5. 3 April 1963. 
  96. "News in Brief". The Times: p. 11. 22 April 1964. 
  97. "Chairman Of L.C.C. Resigns". The Times: p. 6. 7 October 1963. 
  98. "L.C.C. Vice-Chairman". The Times: p. 6. 12 October 1963. 
  99. "Inquiry Clears Former L.C.C. Chairman". The Times: p. 12. 6 December 1963. 
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