James Kaylor (c.1877 - 14 December 1961) was an engineer, trade unionist and Labour Party politician.
Born in Manchester, he was the son of Edward Kaylor, a warehouseman for a cotton manufacturer and his Irish-born, Elizabeth née Kelly.
He trained as an engineer, and by 1901 was working as a locomotive fitter in Barrow in Furness. In 1904 he married Sarah Swinburne in Manchester and by 1911 he was working in a motor engineering works in Birmingham. He was a leading member of the Association Society of Engineers. By 1919 he was living in the Forest Hill area of Camberwell.
He was a member of the Executive Council of the Amalgamated Engineers' Union for thirty years and a member of the General Council of the Trades Union Congress from 1938-43.
In 1925 he sought election to the London County Council at Wandsworth, Clapham without success. He made another failed attempt to gain a seat on the county council at Camberwell, Peckham in 1931. On his third attempt in 1934 he was elected as a councillor representing Camberwell North West. He did not defend his seat at the next election in 1937.
He emigrated to Australia in 1959, dying in Sydney, New South Wales aged 84.