Hornchurch was a local government district in south west Essex, England from 1926 to 1965. The urban district council was based at Langtons House. The district formed a suburb of London and was expanded in 1934. It now forms the greater part of the London Borough of Havering in Greater London.
As part of a county review order in 1934 the urban district gained 1,326 acres (5.37 km2) from Orsett Rural District and 11,687 acres (47.30 km2) from Romford Rural District. This area corresponded to all of the Rainham and Wennington parishes and the greater part of Upminster, Cranham, Great Warley and North Ockendon. Cranham was enlarged by the abolition of North Ockendon as a separate parish. The council operated Queen's Theatre and constructed Hornchurch Stadium in Upminster. There was a rapid expansion of the population because new industries were developing in Outer London during the 1930s, such as the nearby Ford Motor Company plant at Dagenham and Londoners were moving to the new suburban estates of houses that were built around them. The Barking–Upminster railway line through the district was electrified in the 1930s and new stations were opened at Elm Park and Upminster Bridge, in addition to the earlier stations at Hornchurch and Upminster. The urban district council unsuccessfully petitioned for incorporation as a municipal borough on 20 May 1955.
The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London considered the district for inclusion in Greater London and in 1965 Hornchurch Urban District was abolished by the London Government Act 1963. Its former area was transferred to Greater London from Essex and was combined with that of the Municipal Borough of Romford to form the present-day London Borough of Havering. In 1993 some of the eastern sections of the former urban district around Great Warley were transferred back to Essex.
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